They are intelligent, active and loyal dogs that make wonderful pets in the right home. A very old German breed, Danes hunted ferocious wild boar alongside nobles. Since the breed name roughly translates to “bodyguard dog,” it makes sense that the Cane Corso was developed to fearlessly charge enemy lines at the height of the Roman Empire’s power. These dogs have natural talents that are carefully honed with intensive training. The robust and strong Rottweiler is descended from ancient Rome’s drover (herding) dogs. A diverse group skilled in a number of disciplines, most working breeds are robust, intelligent and headstrong, often unsuitable for novice owners. Working Group is the name of a breed group of dogs, used by kennel clubs to classify a defined collection of dog breeds. iy_2021; im_01; id_08; ih_20; imh_55; i_epoch:1610168108873, py_2020; pm_08; pd_28; ph_06; pmh_41; p_epoch:1598622100528, link-block; link-block_link-block; bodystr, pn_tstr:Fri Aug 28 06:41:40 PST 2020; pn_epoch:1598622100528. These "therapy dogs" offer emotional support to sick or injured persons, often visiting hospitals and nursing homes. Breeds include king shepherds, border collies, Black Mouth Curs, and Icelandic sheepdogs. With their magnificent physique and keen intelligence, these canines originated in 19th-century Germany and were tailored for police and military work. Police dogs protect their handlers. This breed excelled at ratting, herding, guarding, and hunting. Again, any size or breed of dog can be trained as a detector dog, but the most common breeds used for these types of working dogs are Labs, Beagles, German Shepherds and Belgian Malinios. Dobermans in modern day continue to excel in K-9 duty and as therapy dogs, service dogs, and search and rescue dogs. There are certain breeds used for each of these jobs. They were so well regarded in this capacity that only the imperial family and its court were allowed to own them. Descending from war dogs brought over the Alps by Julius Caesar’s legions, this breed also specialized in hauling loads of meat and dairy products to market, traveling through remote mountain passes. "Fowling dogs"— setters and spaniels. After the Roman Empire’s collapse, Rotties moved herds from pasture to market and protected them from bandits and rustlers along the way. The types of working dogs commonly fall into three broad categories: working dogs – they perform specifics tasks with excellence; service dogs – they assist people and children with needs; therapy dogs – they provide mental support to distressed people; Working dogs. Their patience and courage are traits that made them so legendary at their jobs. Working dog types. Working dogs actually assist Black Russian Terrier The Black Russian Terrier, abbreviated as BRT, also known as the Tchiorny Terrier is a breed of dog created in USSR in Red Star Kennel during the late 1940s and the early 1950s for use as military/working dogs. There's a lot you need to know to make things go smoothly with your new friend. Therapy dogs and emotional support dogs are NOT service dogs. However, since the breed was created primarily to protect its family, they’re actually sensitive and docile with those they love, and these days are known to be successful therapy dogs, with a soft spot for children. Enter the ultimate multitasker: the Standard Schnauzer. Some can have their skills honed with training, while others are better suited to lives as companion dogs. Working dogs have been used for a wide variety of jobs, including guarding, rescue, herding, pulling sleds, hunting small and large game and more. 3 Types Of Working Dogs Do you know that some dogs do more than just being your friend and providing comfort? According to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), any type of breed can be service animals, but some of the most common are Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers, German shepherds, and standard poodles. In the fifth century, when the Western Empire dissolved, these dogs took on more civilian roles, such as wild boar hunter, livestock drover, and protector of farms and pastures in the Italian countryside. One of the oldest uses of detection dogs is in hunting for truffles. Passed a dog on your recent walk and wondered which breed of Spaniel it is? Harnesses distribute the weight and pressure of the leash away from your dog’s collar and … Detection dogs are used in law enforcement, wildlife biology, and health care. Working dogs work. They can chase down and hold criminal suspects who try to run from police. By crossing Bulldogs and Mastiffs, gamekeepers in the mid-to-late 19th century produced a dog that would protect the animals of English aristocracy targeted by poachers. Not only did they specialize in dramatic water rescues, they also hauled fishing nets to shore and carted the day’s catch to market. Working in the world of dog shows demands a deep love and solid understanding of the sport of purebred dogs. It is not a scientific classification. Working dogs have real jobs that they take very seriously. Working dog, any of various breeds of dog bred as guard, herding, draft, or rescue animals. Why War Dogs? Over time, the breed evolved to become hunters, drafters, and guarders. Canadian fishermen relied upon the strikingly large and powerful Newfoundland to help on ships. Working Dog Breeds. Early socialization of your Berner is a necessary part of owning a large breed working dog. There are many other types of working dogs out there beyond this list, and new types of jobs for dogs are developed all the time. The Working Group is full of incredible canines that were bred to assist in the lives of their owners. While active indication used to be the most common way of training these dogs (scratching/barking at the source of the scent), passive indication (sitting in front of the source) is now the preferred method. Evaluate your dog’s behavior and decide what features will best suit them. Working dogs often become restless without regular work or other forms of mental and physical stimulation. One of the world’s most famous and beloved breeds, the Saint Bernard is remarkably powerful, yet patient and kind (especially with children). Service dogs or assistance dogs are working dogs that have been specially trained to assist persons with disabilities. 2. . The affectionate, loyal, and playful dog was named after the native Inuit tribe Mahlemut, who settled along the shores of the Kotzebue Sound in the northwestern part of Alaska. Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for their versatility and working dog abilities. The Bernese Mountain Dog, called in German the Berner Sennenhund, is a large-sized breed of dog, one of the four breeds of Sennenhund-type dogs from the Swiss Alps. However, not all herding breeds are naturally expert herders. But one thing’s for sure: the Tibetan Mastiff is the guard dog supreme. As well as the pastoral or shepherd types, mastiffs or bandogs, and various village dogs. The goal was to create a majestic pet for European royalty in 19th-century Germany. Anatolian Shepherds are known to intimidate their predators rather than fight them, and are still active ranch dogs today, protecting everything from sheep and goats to ostriches and llamas. Originating in Germany in the late 1800s and early 20th century, the modern day Boxer was bred down from dogs that were used to run after, catch, and hold down predators, like bears, bison, and wild boars. Handlers are paid by owners to handle their dogs at shows. Guide dogs are … Unlike other dogs in the Working Group, the Leonberger was actually developed first and foremost as a companion. As early as 1050, hospice monks utilized these genial giants to locate and rescue travelers buried by drifts and avalanches in snowy passes in the Alps. BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOGS ♦ Working Dogs ♦ Training and Socialization. In addition to all the fine qualities that dogs have as team members, dogs can do even more. These highly trained animals serve in many different fields, including tracking, specialized search, avalanche rescue, and cadaver location. Therapy dogs must be even-tempered, well-socialized, well-trained, and non-fearful. Mighty guardians of the Himalayas, these dogs may have been used as the blueprint to create all modern mastiffs. This e-book is a great resource for anyone who's considering dog ownership or already owns a dog. Sub-types describing the function of dogs in each group were also included. Common types of substances to be sniffed out include illegal drugs, explosives, blood, human remains, and more. Download for tips on how to be the best dog owner you can be. Since this breed’s history stretches back so far, it’s essentially impossible to pinpoint its exact origins. One of the oldest sledge breeds of the Arctic, the Alaskan Malamute was created to work in packs to haul heavy loads at low speeds over long distances. Dogs that do become herders can also compete in dog herding trials. They were bred to drive cattle, guard farmyards from predators, and were revered for their ability to pull many times their own weight as drafting dogs. Covered in profuse white cords from head to tail, this powerfully large Hungarian flock guardian is certainly hard to miss. Roles performed by dogs that sometimes sees them classified as working dogs include: Assistance dog; Detection dog; Draught dog; Guard dog; Guide dog; Herding dog; Military working dog; Search and rescue dog; Service dog; Sled dog; Therapy dog; Kennel club classification They also became extremely skilled at herding and hauling, able to sledge one-and-one-half times their own weight. During the following centuries, these charming dogs were used in valley farms and Alpine dairies to guard, herd, and draft. Large dogs such as Berners especially need to learn how to behave themselves in public and at home. Eventually, their duties dwindled thanks to technology, but they’re still used for water rescue to this day. Dogs were often buried alongside their Viking masters. Explore the types of working dogs and the jobs they are specially trained to perform. A herding dog is basically born for the job, meaning the dog is a specific breed and part of a herding breed group. Jenna Stregowski, RVT, has more than 20 years of experience working in veterinary medicine and has been writing about pet care for the last decade. By using The Spruce Pets, you accept our, The 10 Best Large Dog Breeds for Families, The Best Dog Breeds for Emotional Support, The 8 Best Online Service Dog Training Programs of 2021, How to Adopt From the TSA Dog Adoption Program. Nowadays, these friendly and dependable dogs are just happy to protect their loved ones. Types of Working Dogs A Working Dog is a dog that performs tasks to assist its human companions. Certain types of harnesses are better suited to dogs who pull or do not pull on their leash. Most major English-language kennel clubs include a Working Group, although different kennel clubs may not include the same breeds in their Working Group.Working Group does not define one particular type of dog. They are working dogs and they are here for a purpose. The breed’s infamous dreadlocks provide protection from extreme weather and sharp-toothed predators, but also help them blend in with their flocks, creating an element of surprise. Animal-assisted therapy involves the use of trained, certified animals as part of a medical patient's therapeutic plan. It is that simple. Dog breeds commonly used include Labrador Retriever, Golden Retriever, Standard Poodle, and German Shepherd. Meet another favorite of the fisherman. What types of jobs are open to working dog breeds? Police dogs, often called K-9s, are trained specifically to assist police and other law-enforcement personnel in the line of duty. Working Dog Breeds. These gentle giants are just that…giant! Second are the sled dogs, which are bred to pull. Although Neapolitan Mastiffs are quite large, they’re as sweet as they are slobbery, and especially loving around their families. On July 03, 2008. The faithful and dependable Greater Swiss Mountain Dog earned its keep as a herder, drafter, and all-around pasture dog. The goal is to earn champion titles. This notably wrinkly, intimidating breed dates as far back as 700 B.C. They drove cattle from farm to market, but were also known as formidable guard dogs for farmers, merchants, and innkeepers. Herding dogs work with various types of livestock, such as sheep and cattle. Breeds often used include Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers, Border Collies, Leonbergers, and German Shepherds. Don’t let its strikingly beautiful appearance and sweet, affectionate nature fool you. For a hunting companion or to fufil your ambition to take part in Dog Agility, choose an American or working type Labrador. A detection dog is trained to sniff out a particular substance or group of substances. A true service dog is trained to behave well in all types of situations so the dog can accompany the handler anywhere. In 1925, the breed made headlines when Huskies rushed a lifesaving serum to Nome, Ala. to combat a diphtheria epidemic, traveling 658 miles in only five-and-a-half days. Later on, in medieval England, these dogs were used as big-game hunters, estate guardians, and war dogs. Heelers push or nip at the heels of animals while headers like the Border Collie come straight on and face the animal with a “stare”. The Dogo Argentino is a pack-hunting dog, bred for the pursuit of big-game such as wild boar and puma, and possesses the strength, intelligence and quick responsiveness of a serious athlete. Known for its sweet smile, the Samoyed is powerful and tireless. Different ways dogs are used to assist humans in their work: search and rescue dogs, police dogs, detection dogs, assistance dogs, therapy dogs. While many dogs are companions, other dogs do serious work that helps others. As one of the most ancient French dog breeds, the Dogue de Bordeaux was around before France was even France. When you combine an affectionate nature, intelligence, and a good work ethic, you get the ultimate doggy package with the Boxer. Section 4.2 focuses on the functional morphology and behavior of three “types” of working dogs. Isn't it … Isn't it amazing what dogs can do? Kennel clubs and dog breed organizations categorize certain dog breeds in a "working group." There are many other types of working dogs out there beyond this list, and new types of jobs for dogs are developed all the time. First are the livestock guarding dogs, which evolved in pastoral societies, where the only selection by humans is for behavior designed to repel or eliminate animals they don't like. Slowly, Chinook enthusiasts brought the breed back from the brink, and it joined the Working Group in 2013. It’s often hard to distinguish which type of Spaniel they actually are. It is that simple. In the 1930s, a team of scientists and breeders worked together in a secret location near Moscow to produce the BRT — a tireless “fence” dog that could help control Russia’s endless borders and hold down prisoners at Stalin’s prison camps. Since they’re born with partially webbed feet, it should come as no surprise that Newfies are natural-born swimmers that excel at their jobs. The most common dog breeds used as police dogs include German Shepherds and Belgian Malinois. Since this breed is so ancient, and Tibet has always been isolated, it’s difficult to determine the exact history of these majestic canines. Wayne Hutchinson/Design Pics/Getty Images. Usually, these dogs have some innate … A few types of working dogs are Police Dogs, Guide Dogs, and Farm Dogs. However, after Walden fell on hard times, the breed’s numbers dwindled, and they were on the verge of extinction — recognized in 1965 as the rarest dog breed. These must be tasks that the owners cannot do for themselves. A working dog is trained to perform a certain task and duty. The large and immensely powerful Black Russian Terrier (BRT) is known for its courage, confidence, and intelligence. All rights reserved. Similar to police dogs, military working dogs assist members of the military with their operations. The ‘working dog’ title also does not cover dogs used for therapy and assistance roles such as Guide Dogs for the Blind … But one theory is that the Romans used the ancestors of these dogs as war dogs that went to battle with gladiators against ferocious beasts in the arena. Search and rescue dogs have great agility and exceptional senses of smell and hearing. The Spruce Pets uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Great Danes tower over most other dogs, and when standing on their hind legs, over most humans. Their patience and courage are particularly impressive traits, since they were able to watch their flocks for days on end and jump into action when necessary to take on wolves or armed rustlers. Working dogs are trained to help others and they love the work. A handler must have a strong grasp of breed standards, lots of experience working in dog shows and a willingness to travel frequently. Originally developed for the Samoyede people who migrated to Siberia, Sammies were able to endure temperatures of minus-60 degrees. Courageous as it is colossal, the Mastiff was brought from Britain to Rome by Julius Caesar to battle wild beasts and human gladiators in the arena. There are different types of working dog breeds, for example cattle dogs, Kelpies, German shepherds, springer spaniels, malinois, working cocker spaniels... And then there are Huskies. Dogs that do become herders can also compete in dog herding trials. One of the world’s finest protection dogs is, no doubt, the Doberman Pinscher. The dog must be specifically trained to do tasks directly related to his owner’s disability. By Brian Spilner. The German Pinscher (GP) is one of its homeland’s oldest breeds, and it excelled at ratting, thanks to its seizing and nipping skills. The Bullmastiff was smart enough to work on command; tractable enough to hold, but not maul a poacher; and massive enough to intimidate any intruder, thus earning the nickname the “gamekeeper’s night dog.”. Breeds range from medium to large, but all are sturdy and muscular, intelligent and loyal. Graceful and mischievous, the Siberian Husky was utilized as a sled dog and was capable of hauling light loads over vast expanses of frozen wasteland in sub-zero temperatures. In honor of Work Like a Dog Day on August 5, we’re taking a closer look at the Working Group to see what these 31 beauties were bred to do. Today’s Mastiff is definitely more docile and friendly than its ancient forebears, but is still fiercely protective of those he loves. In Scandinavian belief, the dog is the guardian of the underworld, and it is speculated that one reason for including dogs in Viking Age burials was to provide a guide for the deceased to lead them to the underworld. Dogs take on a number of jobs, and normally perform those jobs with or under the supervision of a human counterpart. Bred centuries ago to work with shepherds and herding dogs in the Pyrenees Mountains, the Great Pyrenees was tasked with watching the flock and deterring predators, such as wolves, bears, or livestock rustlers. As mentioned previously, many of these dogs were used as livestock guardians, cart pullers or rescue dogs. Police Dogs. You will need education (training) and on the job experience. Centuries before mechanized agriculture helped farmhands out, they depended upon dogs to assist in various tasks around the barn and homestead. You may or may not know that each AKC registered breed (there are currently 196 of them) is assigned to one of seven groups: Herding, Hound, Toy, Non-Sporting, Sporting, Terrier, and Working. Prior to World War II, the United States’ Department of Agriculture imported a breeding pair from Turkey in a top secret “Sheepdog Project,” and thus, its American history began. The Kuvasz‘ lineage dates back to ancient Turkey and Tibet, but more notably the breed came to Hungary in the Middle Ages where it became well known as a livestock guardian. In some cases, K-9s might be trained to sniff out substances, but those dogs can also be categorized as detection dogs. All service dogs, working dogs and therapy dogs wear identifying vests. Made up of guardians of livestock and property, police dogs, sled dogs and rescue dogs, these workers come in all shapes and sizes, from the standard schnauzer to the Great Dane. Bullmastiff For centuries, the Komondor has been guarding sheep at pasture, being confident and tough enough to run off wolves and other animals. I don’t blame you. Arthur Walden created the Chinook after he traveled from New Hampshire to Alaska at the height of the gold rush in the late 1800s. For a more sensitive, focused and trainable dog, also go for a working type Labrador For the classic Labrador tail, and chunky head, with robust and playful temperament, go for and English, or show type. Herding dogs can be classified as heelers, headers or tending dogs. These days, the breed excels in police work, was among the first guide dogs for the blind, and contributes to search-and-rescue efforts at disaster sites like Oklahoma City and the World Trade Center. Traditionally used for their skills in hunting, gun dogs are divided into three primary types: retrievers, flushing dogs and pointing breeds. Detection dogs have exceptional senses of smell and are highly motivated by positive reinforcement. While those breeds traditionally worked (such as herding or guarding), today those dogs may or may not perform those functions. Breeds include king shepherds, border collies, Black Mouth Curs, and Icelandic sheepdogs. Working Dogs: Types of Jobs Your Dog Can Qualify . Dog Breed Organizations And Kennel Clubs Label Certain Dog Breeds As “Working Dogs.” Learn About Different Working Dogs Along With Their Special Jobs. The breeds often used include Beagles, Labrador Retrievers, and Golden Retrievers. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. Next time you hear the phrase “work like a dog,” you’ll know exactly what it means! The tending dogs, like the German Shepherd act more as a fence … Sheep and goat herders in Anatolia (or Asia Minor, the Asian portion of Turkey) developed this protective and territorial dog as a livestock guardian. A larger and more powerful version of the Standard Schnauzer, the Giant Schnauzer was developed in the Bavarian Alps sometime in the mid-1800s. These days, Boxers are known to be versatile, holding jobs as cattle dogs, police dogs, war dogs (in both world wars), guard dogs, and even guide dogs for the blind.