durum). H.J.S. (2014) developed an LC-MS/MS method for the selective and sensitive detection and quantification of durum wheat adulteration. Abdul Mujeeb-Kazi, ... Sanjaya Rajaram, in Advances in Agronomy, 2019. Triticum turgidum L. subsp. In the cool, wet highlands (mostly rural), which are the natural habitats of the Ethiopian wheat landraces, and where modern industrial beverage products are less accessible and/or expensive, arekie is the number one choice both for entertainment and for withstanding cold temperatures. Triticum turgidum L., 1753 Blé poulard ( Français ) Rivet Wheat (Anglais) (Equisetopsida, Poales) Triticum monococcum L., 1753 Accéder aux 548 données sur la répartition. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 15 décembre 2020 à 18:10. If you were to cross bread wheat and durum wheat, what would the ploidy level of the progeny be? 6.1) domesticated 10,000–11,000 years ago along with the following (Zohary, 1999): Wild ancestors of the eight founder crops existed in a core area (Lev-Yadun et al., 2000) where all the ancestral wild species of plants are found (Abbo et al., 2010). Triticum est un genre de plantes monocotylédones de la famille des Poaceae (graminées), sous-famille des Pooideae, originaire d' Eurasie, qui comprend d'une dizaine à une trentaine d' espèces selon les auteurs. Colin G. Scanes, in Animals and Human Society, 2018. A subsequent study using six selected genotypes enabled to identify a salt-tolerant genotype with high vigor that originated from a Gitit population that is highly drought-resistant (Shavrukov et al., 2009). Lane, in Lockhart & Wiseman’s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland (Ninth Edition), 2014. Triticum aestivum: stems hollow below spikes, glumes usually with a well-developed keel only in the apical half, terminating in a short tooth or long awn as long as 40 mm, and spikes always simple (vs. T. turgidum, with stems solid for ca. polonicum Tamworth, N.S.W. durum). Most of the durum wheat grown is for the internal market; only a small amount is exported. Miracle wheat (Triticum turgidum var. cv. Former Chromosome Glume classification number (2n) Length (mm) Accession no. The wild plant is called Triticum turgidum subsp. Triticum turgidum. dicoccon" Remove constraint Subject: "Triticum turgidum subsp. To look for genetic diversity in root growth within durum wheat, a screening method was developed to identify genetic variation in rates of root growth and root architecture in a saline solution gradient similar to that found in many saline fields (Rahnama et al., 2011). This selection has not been advanced for breeding salt tolerance (T. Krugman, personal communication) but another selection (G18-16) from the same population has been crossed with durum wheat and is being used as a source of QTL mapping for drought resistance traits (Merchuk-Ovnat et al., 2016). Triticum turgidum subsp. (1798) International Common Names. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. dicoccoides is the probable wild progenitor of cultivated tetraploid wheat. Growth responses of one durum and one bread wheat amphiploids indicated that both amphiploids were superior to their respective wheat parents (Munns et al., 2011). Triticum turgidum L. (1753) Preferred Common Name. Abstract. Triticum turgidum subsp. Cytogenetic Studies in Ethiopian Landraces of Tetraploid Wheat (Triticum Turgidum L.) I. Spike Morphology vs Ploidy Level and Karyomorphology Getachew Belay. Some durum wheat is used for breakfast cereals. Purple-grain tetraploid wheats (Triticum turgidum L.) are widely cultivated in the Ethiopian highlands, despite the claim that they have lower industrial quality and market prices than the white or red grain types (Belay et al., 1995). durum L.) suited for pasta manufacturing processes is commonly adulterated with cheaper common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), the price of which is about 25% lower. Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. Gelatine is a component of a wide range of foods and accurate labeling is important because different sources (bovine, porcine, chicken) are used for its production. Currently less than 1000 ha are grown in the UK. Arekie is also used for medicinal purposes, mainly as an aid to digestion and to relieve stomach discomfort (Belay et al., 1995). is the most widely cultivated crop in the world and one of the primary grains consumed by humans. Box 32, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. 20 per page . Triticum turgidum est une espèce de plantes monocotylédones de famille des Poaceae, sous-famille des Pooideae, dont on connaît plusieurs sous-espèces cultivées, notamment le blé dur (Triticum turgidum subsp. turanicum, ou Triticum turanicum) est une sous-espèce (ou une espèce pour certains auteurs) de plantes monocotylédones de la famille des Poaceae, sous-famille des Pooideae, originaire de la région de Khorassan (nord-est de l' Iran), d'où il tire son nom. María Ciudad-Mulero, ... Patricia Morales, in Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, 2019. durum) compared with hexaploid common or bread wheat (Triticum aestivum). No need to register, buy now! Grodzicker et al. During 10,000 years of cultivation, numerous forms of wheat, many of them hybrids, have developed under a combination of artificial and natural selection. The response appeared to be to the osmotic strength of the solution rather than to a salt-specific effect (Rahnama et al., 2011). Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Il est également connu sous le nom commercial de Kamut. Emmer wheat (Tr. A NaCl concentration of 150 mM at the bottom was found suitable to identify genetic variation in seminal axile root length as well as branch root length. In addition, two transitions of a reference peptide belonging to purothionin A-1, present in both species, were also monitored. mirabile). Summary; Photos; Maps; Conservation Status; Other Accounts; References; Tracheophyta › Magnoliopsida › Poaceae › Triticum › Triticum turgidum. The tetraploid species, T. turgidum (genomes AABB) and T. timopheevii (genomes AAGG), are polyphyletic. Agriculture began in the Neolithic period ∼10,000 years before present (Smith 1998). https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Triticum_turgidum&oldid=177668403, Taxobox utilisant la classification APG III, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Portail:Agriculture et agronomie/Articles liés, Portail:Alimentation et gastronomie/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Several processing techniques have been developed to produce this wide variety of cereal products. Emmer (Triticum turgidum ssp. Grundy et al. dicoccum) also known as farro (Italian for hulled wheat) has survived in Italy only in a few mountainous marginal areas of central and south Italy where it is cultivated according to organic farming procedures or using very low N-fertilisation in competition for yield with other cereals (Vallega and Waines, 1987). (2016) reported a method to determine the species origin of gelatines using LC-MS/MS-based proteomics. Wild emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. Emmer wheat and einkorn wheat are viewed as two of the eight founder crops from the Fertile Crescent (Fig. Trust Beta, ... Anders Borgen, in Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011. Mis à jour le 29/06/2020. Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. Triticum turgidum est une espèce de plantes monocotylédones de famille des Poaceae, sous-famille des Pooideae, dont on connaît plusieurs sous-espèces cultivées, notamment le blé dur (Triticum turgidum subsp. Several special foods have recently been developed from these wheats by InfraReady Products (SK, Canada), including purple wheat bran muffins and antho-beers (Li et al., 2007a). In terms of chemical composition, durum wheat is generally characterized by its high amounts of protein and of carotenoid pigments. durum Desf.) Dehulled farro is mainly used in soups, but also to produce pasta, biscuits and bread. En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies pour vous proposer des contenus et … However, genotypes with the highest salt tolerance were generally the least vigorous, and not suitable for plant breeding (Shavrukov et al., 2010a). TRITICUM REPENS BOIRON 9CH tube-granules. By fusing genomes previously existing in different 57 environments, polyploidization brought broader adaptability to bread wheat7. If properly grown, durum wheat has a high protein and hard, amber-coloured vitreous endosperm. dicoccoides, WEW), the progenitor of both modern tetraploid and hexaploid wheats, harbors many powdery mildew resistance genes. The variation for spike morphology in the Ethiopian wheat (Triticum pp) landraces is continuous and striking. Table 2. dicoccon" Subject wheat Remove constraint Subject: wheat. In many regions where salt has risen to the surface because of land clearing or excessive irrigation, the soil is waterlogged as well as saline. Triticum monococcum ssp. The wheat genome was assembled by the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium. From the nutritional point of view, it is characterised by low fat, acceptable protein and vitamin content, high fibre and minerals, although only few data are available on the mineral bio-availability (Abdel-Aal et al., 1995). The content of DF in wheat ranges from 9.2% to 20.0%, being the IDF the highest fraction and its content varies between 5.4% and 18.1%, while the amount of SDF in wheat grains ranges from 1.4% to 4.4%. There are six species of wheat at three different ploidy levels: the diploid species T. monococcum (A m A m) and Triticum urartu (AA); the tetraploid species Triticum turgidum (BBAA) and Triticum timopheevii (GGAA); and the hexaploid species Triticum aestivum (BBAADD) and Triticum zhukovskyi (GGAAA m A m) (Dvorak et al., 2012). Accession no. Details of a few specific examples of the distant relatives of wheat with salt tolerance potential are discussed in Section 4.4. It is an integral component of the Mediterranean diet and one of the historical foods that followed the birth of civilization, likely to be one of … Finally, the properties of durum wheat proteins allow the preparation of many diverse foods, such as the wide variety of breads, biscuits, and pasta products that are associated with the concept of a Mediterranean diet. 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